The Peel Web I am happy that you are using this web site and hope that you found it useful. Unfortunately, the cost of making this material freely available is increasing, so if you have found the site useful and would like to contribute towards its continuation, I would greatly appreciate it. Click the button to go to Paypal and make a donation. He became an MP in and became Home Secretary in ; he dominated parliament throughout the period Peel was responsible for the establishment of the Metropolitan Police Force in and was Prime Minister for a short time in His second ministry lasted from to Peel has been seen as both the founder and betrayer of the Conservative Party and also as the real founder of the Liberal Party. He has been accused of having no principles because he changed his mind over three important issues:
Lighting in the Victorian Home
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Victorian- ism Intro- duction Social History Political History Gender Matters Philo- sophy Religion Science Tech- nology Genre & Style Authors The Victorian Web Visual Arts Music & Theater VW Books Victorian Texts Biblio- graphy Economics Places Periodicals What’s New.
Native American languages gave us scores of words for things we frequently use—not to mention the many states , rivers, and towns that evolved from Native American names. Skunk, coyote, raccoon, moose, woodchuck, and caribou are a few of the other animals that owe their names to Native American tribes. Squash When English settlers first arrived in North America, they used squash as a verb meaning to crush something and, more arcanely, to refer to an unripe pea pod.
However, they were unfamiliar with the fruit we now know as squash, according to Merriam-Webster. Chocolate This delicious treat comes to us from nature, but we can thank Indigenous Mesoamericans for this Native American name. The word chocolate comes from Nahuatl, a language spoken by the Aztecs many Indigenous people in Mexico speak dialects of Nahuatl today.
The Aztecs would make a drink from ground cacao seeds called chikolatl. According to Nahuatl scholar Magnus Pharao Hansen, the Nahuatl name for the fruit, ahuacatl , was also slang for testicle, but only ever slang. The word ahuacatl chiefly described the fruit. It entered Spanish in the late s as aguacate, and was eventually Anglicized as avocado. Guacamole In a similar vein, guacamole stems from two Nahuatl words: Mix them together and they make ahuacamolli.
Early Victorian Costume and Fashion History 1837-1860
Bring fact-checked results to the top of your browser search. This persistent scrutiny was the product of an acute sense of change. They have made and make it day by day. Abroad these energies expressed themselves in the growth of the British Empire.
the ‘victorian lozenge’ DATING ‘REGISTERED MODEL’ OF ‘THE UK PATENT OFFICE’ Unlike silver items, there is no date letter on silverplate allowing to recognize the date of its manufacture.
The Victorian Era The Industrial Revolution The era known as the Industrial Revolution was a period of fundamental changes in agriculture, manufacturing, transportation, and social structure. An economy based on manual labor and skilled artisans was replaced by one dominated by industry, machinery, and mass production. Energy was a major impetus for this conversion from an agricultural society to an industrial one.
Animal and human power were the primary sources of energy until James Watt perfected the steam engine in What started it all: Conditions that promoted the Industrial Revolution were advances in agricultural techniques and practices resulting in an increased supply of food and raw materials. The building of roads, canals, and eventually railways enabled expanded trade.
Many of these conditions were so closely interrelated that increased activity in one spurred an increase in activity in another. Although the Industrial Revolution first occurred in England, it was a radical time of social and economic change in America and most of Europe as well. I found this video recently on Youtube — but there are no credits and it has a smarmy musical background.
Prior to industrialization, the world was a very different place: Queen Victoria The momentum of the industrial revolution had already begun, but it was during the Victorian era that the full effects of industrialization made itself felt.
In this design the reservoir for the thick colza oil supplies one light only and is urn-shaped. Founders Society purchase and Dexter M Ferry Jr fund During the 63 years of Queen Victoria’s reign, from to , life in ordinary houses was transformed by a succession of technological developments which we now take for granted: At the start of the Victorian period most houses were lit by candles and oil lamps.
Interior fittings included chandeliers suspended from the ceiling and sconces fixed to the wall.
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If you enjoy this website, and would like it to remain open, please make a donation to Kate Tattersall Adventures. Preparing for court presentation, During the Regency and into the Victorian era, the London social season was particularly busy from April to the end of June, but events were held throughout the winter, starting when Parliament returned in late January and included military reviews, dinner parties, and charity events, and went on to the end of July.
Lord Byron referred to these galas as marriage marts, because it was the best venue for young ladies to encounter possible suitors. There were very few upper-class public social venues in London open to both sexes. Other popular meeting venues included the parks and gardens, in particular Hyde, Green, and St. By the end of June, London was so hot and smelly, everyone with a country estate would flee, but the coming sewer systems, and grand new neighbourhoods with improved wash rooms, would make the capital all the more bearable by the late s.
She remained in mourning for the rest of her life, and demanded greater moral standards with each passing decade.
Victorian era courtship rules and marriage facts
Depending on which herbs are included, a wide variety of personal messages can be sent. The flowers say them for us. To make amends, I gave her a tussie-mussie that included opium poppy forgetfulness , sweet marjoram blushes , brambles remorse , rosemary remembrance , Japanese rose never too late to make amends , and coltsfoot justice shall be done you. Integral to the tradition of tussie-mussies was the symbolism of the component plants.
Photographers – Great Britain & Ireland Information from the world’s largest collection of British and Irish carte de visite photographs and from 30 years of trade directory and census research.
Advice on equipping a kitchen in the 19th century Catherine Beecher had firm ideas about what was needed for a well-run household. Her list for the s kitchen in the USA included: In a prosperous American household in a “prudent and generous mistress” would supply her cook “with ample provision of all such things as her important department requires All these articles are indispensable, and there are a great many other useful implements which modern ingenuity has brought into use, and which it would be well to introduce into a fully-arranged kitchen.
Mary Ann Bryan Mason A book aimed at an English couple setting up home in a small cottage in the first half of the 19th century advised: A good copper tea-kettle is the most durable this is an article I don’t know how to persuade you to do without, though some writers cry out bitterly against it. The round shape will be two or three shillings cheaper than the oval, and bears mending better.
It is not quite so fashionable, but that you have too much good sense to mind. The beauty of a copper kettle is in its durability and brightness, not its shape; and the two or three shillings saved will buy you a handy little saucepan, or gridiron, or frying-pan:
Guide to Victorian Civil War Costumes on a Budget
Courting the Victorian Woman Victorian dating etiquette, related stories Bread should be cut in thin slices, and laid on a napkin on the left of each plate. Victorian Etiquettes and Manners for Men and Women This name is what we consider to be referred to as the first name. Never uses slang or bad language.
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You can help by adding to it. Sherlock Holmes vs Zombies Plot [ edit ] Issue 1: The Star of Ill-Omen[ edit ] In , a strange comet enters over London, releasing little fragments in which one fragment penetrates into a street pump near Broad Street in Soho. Five months later, Soho suffers what appears to be a cholera outbreak. While Snow postulates the cause for the outbreak, Reverend Whitehead discusses a recent confession from a tanner’s apprentice about the dead coming back to life.
Soon afterwards, one of Snow’s deceased patients is resurrected as a zombie in front of a shocked Snow and Whitehead. By , Sherlock Holmes and Dr. John Watson investigate a charlatan who has been hypnotizing unsuspecting people into revealing their secrets. The charlatan turns out to be an advanced automaton and is disabled during a struggle with Holmes and Watson.
The two are perplexed at this discovery, in which Holmes deduces that the machine was controlled by an unknown person, who personally knows Holmes. Meanwhile, two workmen at an underground railway construction yard come across a corpse. One of the workmen sees a gold ring on the corpse and greedily attempts to appropriate it, but the corpse comes to life and bites him.
The zombie is decapitated by the other workman, but he is also attacked and bitten by his coworker, who turns into a zombie. At Baker Street , Holmes and Watson later study the automaton and are then urgently summoned to Scotland Yard by Inspector Lestrade over what appears to be a murder between the aforementioned workmen before they are brought to one of the zombified workmen and a functioning head of the discovered zombie.
Feather Christmas Trees are adorned by large cotton crabs, cotton stars and beautiful, filigree glass ornaments with die-cuts or lametta. Christmas in the Victorian times is featured at the Doll’s House Museum. During her reign, Britain rose to become a leading world and economic power.
Victorian Undead is a series of comics about Sherlock Holmes and Doctor Watson dealing with the supernatural. The first series Victorian Undead: Sherlock Holmes vs. Zombies is a six-issue American comic book limited series published by series was written by Ian Edginton, with art by Davide story is set in Victorian England and follows Sherlock Holmes and Doctor Watson.
Fleming If you enjoy this website, and would like it to remain open, please make a donation to Kate Tattersall Adventures. In British currency went through a decimalization process pence in a pound simplifying notation, pricing, and spending. This article will provide a breakdown of the old monetary system, concentrating on the Victorian era and the various coins that existed and were used in Britain, and touch on those minted for colonial holdings.
There were changes during the s that will be included. I will not cover every facet of what is a vast subject. A replica penny, halfpenny, and farthing, of the smaller bronze sizes, displayed together for reference. The coins listed below are all depicted at the same size, so please refer to the descriptions for actual diameters. Note that the diameters of the least valuable denominations were minted in smaller sizes when the coins changed from copper to bronze.
Queen Victoria depicted in her Imperial State Crown, mourning crown, and diamond and sapphire tiara.
Joss Whedon and HBO are making TV series that sounds like a Victorian-era Buffy the Vampire Slayer
History of Christmas Christmas as we celebrate it today has its origins in Victorian Britain. It’s hard to imagine now, but at the beginning of the 19th century Christmas was hardly celebrated. Many businesses did not even consider it a holiday. However by the end of the century it had become the biggest annual celebration and took on the form that we recognise today.
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Share this article Share The cards can be found in the Haper Stereograph Collection of the Boston Public Library collection and although there are twenty-five stages listed in the guide, postcard 11 is missing from the set. The stereographs begin with ‘The Bashful Lover makes his Call’ and end with a friend of the now happily married couple receiving exciting news of their first child.
Before one could just click on Amazon to purchase a self-help book, these quaint postcards would have been just the ticket. Therefore courting was taken very seriously – by both sides. Men and women were careful not to lead the other on unnecessarily. Certain etiquette and conduct was expected of nineteenth century gentleman when courting. One etiquette book noted that ‘courting ought never to be done except with a view to marriage.
He could not pay exclusive attention to any particular woman unless he was serious and wanted to pursue marriage. In the s, courtship was considered more a career move than a romantic interlude for young men and the penultimate card shows the couple settling down The final card shows the happily married couple receiving exciting news of their first child. Improvement on Call No. Mother Wants to Know if He is Coming 4.
Victorian House Styles and Examples
Eros and the Afterlife in Renaissance England Chicago: University of Chicago Press, , The Life of Handel, Vol. A History of Greek Philosophy, Vol. Cambridge University Press, , American Book Company, ,
The Victorian period is also regarded as the era of those days, courtship was considered to be a tradition and was very popular. Queen Victoria and her family were the idols of the Victorian society, even in the case of courtship.
First telegraph cable laid across the Atlantic. Matrimonial Causes Act permits divorce for adultery but women could not petition until Suppression of Indian mutiny against British rule in India. Big Ben bell cast April John Speke discovers Lake Victoria. First women admitted to Royal Academy schools. Nightingale publishes first definitive textbooks on nursing. Broadmoor criminal lunatic asylum opened May Joseph Bazalgette c ompletes metropolitan drainage system in London began